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How 5G will work? A complete dig into working of 5G

How 5G will work?

This is very good news for us that we are going to have a 5G.we are now using 4G, so I think everyone has a question in mind that how new technology 5G will work? There is an answer for your all questions. Please read this article so that you will come to know about the true facts of 5G. But before starting with 5G let’s discuss about the past technology first.

 

First Generation (1G)
(1981)
Second Generation(2G)
(1992)
Third Generation (3G)
(2001)
Fourth Generation (4G)
(2011)
-Basic Voice Service
-Analog cellular
-2 Kbps
-Digital Voice
-SMS
-64 Kbps
-Mobile broadband
-Designed for Voice and Data
-2 Mpbs
-Based on data
-True wireless Broadband
-100 Mbps

So it was a short note about all previous technology. Now it is a time for new Generation named as 5G. It will be 10 times faster than 4G. We all want superfast Internet. So there is a 5G with Superfast Internet with low latency.

Everyone must have a question in mind that why we need 5G and how 5G will provide us a superfast Internet and how it will work. So here are your answers.

Why we need 5G?

A big question in our mind is that we already have a 4G, so what’s the need for 5G. The 4G network is congested when many people connected to it at the same time.

Generally, we only get an average speed of 1-10 Mbps and latency of 50-100 milliseconds so with the increasing population we need a faster network.

Automated machine and self-driving cars etc. need high-speed internet and low latency. All these machines want a superfast Internet and low latency.

5G is the fifth generation new radio network and it will be capable to provide us 20 Gbps speed and low latency with 1 millisecond. It can handle a large number of population at the same time.

5G

How it will works?

There are 3 types of spectrum
1. Sub 1 GHz
2. Sub 6 GHz
3. MM wave

Sub 1 GHz spectrum-

1 GHz is a low band spectrum with slow speed. Its maximum speed is 100 Mbps. It can cover a very large area and can penetrate concrete walls. It has a frequency of 600 Mhz. Nowadays it is very congested. Almost in world 4G network is using Sub 1 GHz and it will be also used in 5G.

Sub 6 GHz-

6 GHz has a frequency of 3.5 GHz. It can provide faster internet up to 1 Gbps but it is shorter in range. To increase the range in Sub 6 Ghz we need following techniques
-massive Mimo
-Qam-256
Beamforming
-macrocells
-career aggregation (to aggregate different frequencies resulted as the same user). It is also known as LTE Advance. There is also an LTE Advance Pro also known as Pre 5G.

MM waves-

MM waves is a real 5G network. MM waves have a high band spectrum and its range is 6-30 GHz cm waves. It is the fastest speed network. But it can’t go through the walls, buildings. MM waves have a very short range. To use this we have to install towers with a high number of small cells everywhere to transfer fast data.

Jio already has a contract with the SAMSUNG Company to install small cells. These small cells help us to provide high speed and high range. In 4G, towers can emit a signal in all directions but in 5G technology, towers emit a signal in a specific direction so that the actual receiver will receive data in no time.

5G will handle 10, 00,000 devices in 1 sq km area. With the help of 5G we will get followings:-

-superfast data
-movie download in just 10 sec
-It has low latency. With these IoT devices like self-driving cars, healthcare, smart homes, remote devices control can work.
– It will be able to provide data to the speedy vehicle.
– It will able to handle massive data traffic.
– It will use lesser power.

We are very sure that by reading this article, you must have answers to your questions related to 5G.

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